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Toll rates to increase in Germany & Austria

CO2 emission classes will be implemented in toll rates in Germany and Austria. We will help you with administrative burden and minimise your costs.

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New CO2 emission classes

Upcoming toll rate increases in Europe

The date and final rates are still under negotiation and will be confirmed along with further details. We’ll keep you informed on how to address the situation and minimize toll payment increases.

From 1 December 2023
From 1 January 2024
Other EU countries will follow suit
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What this means in action

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    Any truck manufactured before 1. 7. 2019 will be automatically classified in the worst emission class 1.
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    Zero-emission vehicles (hydrogen, electric and more) will proudly reside in Class 5, the premier tier boasting 0 EUR for CO2 class.
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    Trucks with the highest CO2 emissions will find their home in Class 1, the top tier with the highest toll charges.
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    New Directive will impact all toll OBUs provided by Eurowag currently operating in Germany and Austria together with all newly ordered toll OBUs.
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Securing the best toll rates for you

FAQs on new CO2 - based toll billing

 When will the Regulation enter into force in the EU Member States?

In Germany, the new classes CO2 should be introduced from 1 December 2023. In Austria, from 1 January 2024. It is expected that other countries will gradually follow suit (but each country must have legislation in place by March 2025). We will keep you informed of the changes. We will also assist you in achieving the most favourable emission class (lowest possible toll payment).

What do CO2 classes mean for your toll bill?

Vehicles with low CO2 emissions might have lower toll rates, while vehicles with high CO2 emissions might pay higher rates. As a rule of thumb, the greener your vehicle is, the cheaper the toll rate. For the least environmentally friendly vehicles, the toll increase will be +70-80%. Now it is important to share with us all the necessary data and documents related to the CO2 toll calculation (in your client portal in the Toll section) so that we can show you the best possible conditions.

Which vehicle data is relevant for determining the CO₂ class and where can I find it? 

The required vehicle data* can be found in the Certificate of Conformity (COC), the CIF or the vehicle's technical certificate. These are: Vehicle class, Wheel axle configuration, Technically permissible gross laden mass (F1) [kg], Vehicle group, Cab type (day or sleeper), Engine power rating [kW], CO₂ emission value [gCO2/tkm], Date of first vehicle registration, Vehicle type/chassis configuration. In the first instance, vehicles over 7.5 t will be taken into account, later in Germany on 1.7.24 others from 3.5 t onwards will be added.

Which vehicles are covered by the new CO2 classes?

Heavy goods vehicles are to be classified into one of five CO2 emission classes so that toll rates can be differentiated by class. All vehicles with an internal combustion engine (diesel, etc.) and a date of first registration before 1 July 2019 will always be classified in CO2 Class 1. It is not necessary to collect more CO2-related parameters than the F.1 mass.

Only for vehicles with an internal combustion engine with a date of first registration from 1. 7. 2019 onwards, CO2 related parameters must be collected if a better CO2  class than 1 is expected. Only if the tractor has 2 axles, including 1 driven axle, and an F.1 mass higher than 16 000 kg, or if the tractor has 3 axles, including 1 driven axle, and any F.1 mass, the CO2 class can be improved. In the case of any other combinations, you will always stay with CO2 class 1.

 What are the exemptions from the new CO2 toll?

All zero-emission vehicles (where the engine characteristics are Hydrogen, Combined Hydrogen-Electric, Fuel Cell-Hydrogen, Hybrid Hydrogen-Ethermal Battery, Hybrid Fuel Cell-Hydrogen, Hybrid Fuel Cell-Hydrogen-Ethermal Battery or Electric External) will always be in CO2 Class 5. There is no need to collect any CO2-related parameters other than engine characteristics. And are completely exempt from paying tolls.

Why is there an extra CO2  component in the toll calculation, and what will the additional revenue be used for?

The European Commission has amended the Eurovignette Directive in order to achieve the climate improvement targets of a 15% reduction in CO2 emission by 2025 and 30% by 2030. The accompanying introduction of CO2 tolls will classify heavy goods vehicles into one of five CO2 emission classes, so that toll rates can be differentiated according to these classes.

In Germany, these toll revenues are used to improve the infrastructure of the federal roads and for mobility measures - the focus is on the federal railways. The additional revenue from the extension of tolls to trucks over 3.5 tonnes will amount to €3.9 billion over the same period. Of this, €1.8 billion will go towards CO2 differentiation.

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